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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       05/22 11:11

Moses Lake, WA    Fri May 22, 2020    USDA Market News 

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  1700    Last Week:  1100    Last Year:  2800                             

     Compared last Friday, All grades of Domestic Alfalfa new crop steady in a 
light test. Exporters still have old crop Alfalfa and Timothy to work thru. 
Trade remains slow this week. Demand remains light to moderate. Rain showers 
over the trade area is slowing marketing. 1st cutting new crop in windrows has 
received a lot of moisture. Some interests report having hay in windrows now 
2 weeks due to high moisture levels. Feed store/retail steady. All prices 
are dollars per ton and FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated.  

                             Tons      Price     Wt. Avg    Comments
    Mid Square                                                                 
      Premium/Supreme         500  200.00-200.00  200.00     Tarped            
      Good/Premium            300  175.00-175.00  175.00     Tarped            

    Small Square                                                               
      Good/Premium            100  230.00-230.00  230.00     Retail/Stable     

  Alfalfa/Orchard Mix                                                          
    Small Square                                                               
      Good/Premium            100  230.00-230.00  230.00     Retail/Stable     

  Timothy Grass                                                                
    Mid Square                                                                 
      Fair                    500  110.00-110.00  110.00     Old Crop          

  Timothy Grass                                                                
    Small Square                                                               
      Good/Premium            100  220.00-220.00  220.00     Retail/Stable     
      Good                    100  200.00-200.00  200.00     Retail/Stable     

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value.                         
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%              
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22                
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22               
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20               
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18               
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16                
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the         
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
or value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343
1028p    gds                                                                    
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