USDA Texas Hay 01/24 08:20
Amarillo, TX Fri Jan 24, 2020 USDA Market News
Weekly Texas Hay Report
Compared to last report: Hay trades are mostly steady to firm.
Demand for high quality horse/dairy quality hay is very good, which has
caused that market to firm up as we move farther into the feeding season.
Cow and grinder type hay for feedlots remains very steady as there is
still a lot of streaked or rained on hay on the market. Freezing rain
blanketed the Panhandle last Friday, which brought some much-needed
moisture to the winter wheat crop. According to USDA-NASS, winter wheat
seedings are forecasted at 4.90 million acres in Texas, which is up 9
percent from last year.
The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing phone set
up for Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-
512-787-9966. The website for the hotline is:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Supreme: 275.00-300.00; Premium:
230.00-260.00; Good: 175.00-190.00; Utility 130.00.
Small bales: Delivered: Premium: 260.00-275.00, 8.00-9.00 per bale.
Ground Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: Avg 190.00-196.00.
Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: Premium: 160.00-180.00
Sorghum: Large Bales: Delivered: Good: 95.00-125.00.
Oat: Large Bales: Delivered: 160.00.
Cotton Burrs: Delivered: 92.00-105.00.
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos:
Alfalfa: Small Squares: Delivered local or FOB: Premium to Supreme:
290.00-330.00, 10.00-11.00 per bale.
Large Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme: 250.00-265.00.
Triticale: Large Rounds: FOB: 65.00 per roll.
North, Central, and East Texas:
Alfalfa: Large Squares: Delivered: Premium to Supreme: 255.00-
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Premium: 260.00-330.00, 8.00-
10.00 per bale; Good: 200.00-260.00, 6.00-10.00 per bale.
Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium: 120.00-140.00, 60.00-70.00 per
Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium: 260.00-
330.00, 8.00-10.00 per bale; Fair to Good: 165.00-260.00, 5.00-8.00 per
Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium: 120.00-
160.00, 60-80.00 per roll; Fair or Grass Mix: 100.00-110.00, 50.00-
55.00 per roll.
Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
than 10% grass)
Quality ADF NDF *RFV **TDN-100% **TDN-90% CP
Supreme <27 <34 >185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44 <130 <56 <50.5 <16
*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula. Quantitative factors are
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on
100% dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%). Guidelines are to be used
with visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence hay
price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. Hay is
excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high
nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of
damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay
may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in
legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed
content or mold. Defects will be identified in market reports when using
Source: USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
Tess Liles, Market Reporter 806-356-5759
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