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USDA IA & NE Hay                                   01/23 12:05
Kearney, NE    Thu Jan 23, 2020    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska Hay Summary - Week Ending January 24, 2020

  Compared to last week, baled hay, ground and delivered hay and 
alfalfa pellets sold steady. Demand remains light on baled hay 
products with good demand for alfalfa pellets. Some contacts in the 
eastern part of the state noted quite a lot of bales of alfalfa on the 
market along with some grass hay. All different quality available with 
several different package options from large squares to small squares and 
round bales. Note: All sales are dollars per ton FOB the field or hay 
barn, unless otherwise noted. 

Eastern/Central Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 100.00-115.00, Fair large rounds 80.00-95.00. 
Prairie Hay: Premium large rounds 120.00-125.00; Good large rounds 90.00-
100.00. Premium small squares 170.00-180.00. Cornstalks large rounds 
53.50-55.00. Straw large rounds 35.00-45.00 per bale, small squares 5.00 
per bale. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent 320.00-330.00. Sun-cured 
pellets 15 percent 290.00.
Platte Valley area of Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large rounds 105.00-110.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa 
140.00-145.00. Ground and delivered alfalfa/cornstalk mix 125.00-135.00. 
Cane/stubble mix ground and delivered 115.00. Ground and delivered 
cornstalks 95.00-110.00. Dehy alfalfa pellets 17 percent protein 270.00-
275.00, few at 285.00; Sun-cured alfalfa 15 percent protein 250.00-270.00

Western Nebraska
Alfalfa: Good large squares 160.00-175.00. Good large rounds 120.00-
130.00. Oat hay large rounds 95.00. Straw large squares 80.00-90.00. 
Ground and delivered alfalfa 153.00-158.00. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets 15 
percent protein 255.00. 

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%   **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 
90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect 
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence 
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative 
         of a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of   

Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in 
         Legumes and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium  
         stems and free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in 
         Legumes or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This 
         Category could include hay discounted due to excessive 
         damage and heavy weed content or mold. Defects will be 
         identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Thomas Walthers, OIC (308) 390-5399

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