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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       01/24 11:15
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Jan 24, 2020    USDA Market News 

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  4675    Last Week:  1800    Last Year:  1800            

   Compared last Friday, Export Alfalfa firm in a light test. Export Timothy 
tested this week. Trade slow this week as the Chinese New Year starts on Jan. 
2020 and ends Feb. 4, 2020. Demand remains moderate. Feed store/retail steady 
week. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise 
stated. Delivered prices include freight, commissions and other expenses. 

                        Tons      Price     Wt. Avg    Comments
    Mid Square                                                       
      Premium/Supreme   1000 230.00-240.00 235.00 Del Tarped         
      Premium            250 220.00-220.00 220.00     Tarped         
      Fair/Good          800 160.00-160.00 160.00     Tarped         
      Utility/Fair      1000 165.00-165.00 165.00 Del Tarped         

    Small Square                                                     
      Premium            150 250.00-250.00 250.00     Retail/Stable  
      Fair/Good          200 215.00-215.00 215.00     Retail/Stable  

  Orchard Grass                                                      
    Small Square                                                     
      Premium            175 230.00-250.00 238.57     Retail/Stable  

    Mid Square                                                       
      Fair              1000 165.00-165.00 165.00 Del Tarped 

Wheat Straw                                                          
    Small Square                                                     
      Good               100    4.00-5.00      4.50     Per Bale     

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.                  
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%            
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22              
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22             
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20             
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18             
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16              
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the       
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343
0900p   gds    rlc

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