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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       09/06 11:20
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Sep 06, 2019    USDA Market News                          

Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report 

Tons:  5100    Last Week:  5200    Last Year:  11,250                          

   Compared to last Friday, all grades of Alfalfa dosmetic and export steady. 
Timothy not tested this week.  Trade slow to moderate this week as export and 
dosmetic buyers remain cautious.  Demand remains moderate to good on Alfalfa, 
light on Timothy as producers are having a hard time getting any firm offers.  
producers are cutting 4th. Feed store/retail hay steady.  All prices are 
per ton and FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated. 

                             Tons      Price     Wt. Avg    Comments
    Mid Square                                                                 
      Good                    100 195.00-195.00 195.00                       
                             2450 190.00-200.00 194.08     Export            
      Fair                   1050 170.00-175.00 172.38     Export            
                             1000 170.00-170.00 170.00     Rain Damage       

    Small Square                                                               
      Good                    100 230.00-230.00 230.00     Retail/Stable     

  Bluegrass Straw                                                              
    Mid Square                                                                 
      Fair                    400   90.00-90.00    90.00     Export            

  Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect                                    
feeding value.                                                                  
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%              
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22                
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22               
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20               
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18               
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16                
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the western 
formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price or 
more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = Relative 
Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343
1108c   gds als                                                                 
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