USDA Washington & Oregon Hay 01/24 11:15
Moses Lake, WA Fri Jan 24, 2020 USDA Market News
Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report
Tons: 4675 Last Week: 1800 Last Year: 1800
Compared last Friday, Export Alfalfa firm in a light test. Export Timothy
tested this week. Trade slow this week as the Chinese New Year starts on Jan.
2020 and ends Feb. 4, 2020. Demand remains moderate. Feed store/retail steady
week. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB the farm or ranch unless otherwise
stated. Delivered prices include freight, commissions and other expenses.
Tons Price Wt. Avg Comments
Premium/Supreme 1000 230.00-240.00 235.00 Del Tarped
Premium 250 220.00-220.00 220.00 Tarped
Fair/Good 800 160.00-160.00 160.00 Tarped
Utility/Fair 1000 165.00-165.00 165.00 Del Tarped
Premium 150 250.00-250.00 250.00 Retail/Stable
Fair/Good 200 215.00-215.00 215.00 Retail/Stable
Premium 175 230.00-250.00 238.57 Retail/Stable
Fair 1000 165.00-165.00 165.00 Del Tarped
Good 100 4.00-5.00 4.50 Per Bale
Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.
ADF NDF RFV TDN-100% TDN-90% CP-100%
Supreme <27 <34 >185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44 <130 <56 <50.5 <16
RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. TDN calculated using the
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
Value. Values based on 100 pct. dry matter. End usage may influence hay price
value more than testing results.
ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV =
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients.
Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and
Seller negotiates a transaction.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:
Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra
leafy. Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.
Hay is excellent color and free of damage.
Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
a high nutritive content. Hay is green and free of damage.
Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in
grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally
coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.
Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
weed content or mold.
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.
Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
0900p gds rlc
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